Monitoring methods for skin dose in interventional radiology

Abdulhamid Chaikh, Arnaud Gaudu, Jacques Balosso


Interventional radiology makes an increasing use of X-ray for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The dose received by the patient sometime exceeds the threshold value of deterministic effects, and this requires monitoring of the dose delivered to the patients. Delivered dose could be assessed through either direct or indirect methods. The direct methods use dosimeters that are placed on the skin during the procedure, whereas, the indirect methods are based on measured quantities derived from the equipment itself. Each method has its own limitations; however, the main concern is the ability to measure the dose more accurately due to complexity of the anatomical structures of the patient and the variable course of each procedure. This review article summarizes the principle and main advantages and disadvantages of each method. A comparison of the performances of each method for interventional fluoroscopy and radiography in its ability to monitor the patient’s skin dose is provided. 


Skin Dose; Interventional Radiology; Dosimeters; Fluoroscopy; Radiography

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