Serum vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM1) level is elevated in colorectal cancer regardless of the tumor stage
Purpose: Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein, which is expressed on endothelium and plays role in inflammation. It is over-expressed on colorectal cancer (CRC) cells and plays role in metastasis development and angiogenesis. We aimed to compare serum VCAM1 levels of CRC patients with heathy controls and evaluate its relationship with clinicopathological parameters, treatment response and overall survival (OS).
Methods: The study enrolled 111 patients with histopathologically confirmed CRC followed-up in our clinic and 30 sex- and age-matched healthy controls. Pre-treatment serum VCAM1 levels were determined by the solid-phase sandwich ELISA method.
Results: Metastatic disease was present in 57 patients. Forty percent of 40 metastatic patients receiving systemic therapy had partial or complete response. The median serum VCAM1 level was significantly higher in CRC patients than controls (p<0.001). In addition, serum VCAM1 level was significantly higher in diabetic CRC patients than those without diabetes (p = 0.03). There was no significant relationship between VCAM1 and other clinicopathological parameters including stage and response to systemic therapy. The median follow-up period was 12 (±8.2) months. Twenty patients were dead at the time of analysis. The presence of metastasis (p < 0.001) and elevated CEA level (p < 0.001) were factors affecting OS significantly. However, serum VCAM1 did not have a significant impact on OS (p = 0.55).
Conclusion: Serum VCAM1 level is significantly elevated in CRC patients regardless of the tumor stage. However, it has no prognostic or predictive role for response to systemic therapy.
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