Extra-abdominal desmoid tumor: A case report
Desmoid tumor represents a rare monoclonal, fibroblastic proliferation characterized by a variable and often unpredictable clinical course. Although histologically benign, desmoids are locally invasive and associated with a high local recurrence rate, but lack of metastatic potential. Many issues regarding the optimal treatment of patients with desmoids remain controversial. Surgical resection and radiotherapy are standard treatment options for these patients. Due to heterogeneity of the biological behavior of desmoids, including long periods of stable disease or even spontaneous regression, treatment needs to be individualized to optimize local tumor control and preserve patient's quality of life. Therapeutic approaches to the treatment of recurrent or unresectable desmoid tumors comprise anti-hormonal therapy, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, classic chemotherapy regimens and tyrosine kinase inhibitor, with highly variable results. It has not yet been possible to establish an optimal therapy protocol for this disease. In this case report we present our experience with the treatment of recurrent extra-abdominal desmoid tumor.
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